According to Article 6 of the the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), countries are supposed to ensure awareness, education and capacity building to tackle climate change with the developed countries while also support these efforts in the developing countries. It challenges the prevailing paradigm under which nearly a billion dollars had been invested in supporting capacity building.
The World Bank report estimated around 140 million across Asia and Africa, with 40 million in South Asia will be displaced and become climate migrants due to the adverse impacts of climate change. Of them, around 10 million or more are likely to end up in Dhaka. How could Bangladesh cope up with these upcoming challenges?
A recent development has been the initiation of several new longer term “horizon plans” under the General Economics Division (GED), Bangladesh. The country continues to improve its planning. The prime minister has asked GED to prepare a 2041 Perspective Plan to mark Bangladesh's 70 years as an independent country.
There are only two years left to meet the Paris Agreement targets. There has been a significant number of positive developments and successes that the world has achieved in tackling the challenge of climate change during 2017. Bangladesh has also made impressive moves to invite the private sector to support environment-friendly growth.
The second Annual National Conference on Urban Resilience was just held in Dhaka to discuss the future pathways to build urban resilience in Bangladesh. From urbanisation, population growth to climate impacts, Dhaka is now facing great challenges. What overarching issues that need to be highlighted?