Fawad Khan, Sharmeen Malik, Atta Rehman

This case study, one of three in the project, focuses on key issues related to temperature in Pakistan, and provides insights into the economic and nonfinancial returns of adaptive, resilient shelter designs that take into consideration hazards such as typhoons, flooding, and temperature increases.

Key Points in Brief: 

  • Climate change will seriously impact urban areas in Pakistan. 
  • Increases in the temperature minimums and heat index need greater attention. 
  • The T-min is the most important variable for shelter design. 
  • Heat impacts vary by gender and occupation. 
  • Temperature increases will make cities unaffordable for the poor. 
  • New T-min heat reduction measures are needed. 
  • Several passive technologies for heat reduction have been proven effective. 
  • Concrete is unsuitable for heat resilient housing. 
  • Greater awareness of heat reduction measures is needed. 
  • Heat is not the only problem affecting poor communities.

Khan, F., Malik, S., & Rehman, A. (2014). Sheltering from a gathering storm: Temperature resilience in Pakistan. Boulder, CO: ISET-International.

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