Lubaina is a Managing Associate with the Climate Resilience Practice and WRI India based in Mumbai office. She is currently leading urban resilience work for the WRI India’s Sustainable Cities program, focusing on livelihood protection as a means to build resilience in poor and vulnerable communities. Her current project focuses on the simultaneous impacts of climate change and urbanization on the livelihoods of coastal peri-urban communities living on the outskirts of Mumbai.
The sun shone brightly as if welcoming us to what is famously called ‘shrimp city’: Cirebon. Located on the northern coast of West-Java, the sea has caused the city’s temperatures to be quite high. Cirebon is said to be one of the country’s most drought-prone cities. In 2015, nearly 14,000 ha rice fields experienced drought. However, when it starts to rain some parts of the city are also prone to flooding. Therefore, environmentally conscious planning should be used to overcome these challenges.
The increased emphasis on adaptation by several international agencies, like the United Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), has resulted in the active participation of the government and grassroots organisations in promoting adaptation. Though climate change has been in the spotlight for many years, it was not until recently that more emphasis was given to adaptation over mitigation. Being the need of the hour, adaptation, needs to replace the age-old "top-down" approach to mitigation with a community-based “bottom-up” approach.
Da Nang is one of the cities that is most affected by climate change in Vietnam because of storm surges and typhoons that take place almost every year. For the past month, ISET and the city of Da Nang organized 11 training sessions on housing design and construction in typhoon-affected areas to explore pathways for scaling up a storm-resilient housing model to the whole city.