It was only 8 am in the morning when the crowd gathered at the village hall of Kalisidi Sub-district. That day, people were gathering to attend the field school that had been conducted for three weekends in a row in Garang river basin, and today was the last one. The field school project, which started in August, was initiated by Mercy Corps Indonesia through a program called TRANSFORM which stands for trans-boundary flood risk management through governance and innovative information technology.
Penjaringan is one of the most historic areas of Indonesia’s capital, Jakarta. As a coastal area, Penjaringan Sub-district in North Jakarta is constantly suffering from flooding because of high tides. Muara Angke, which is in a part of Penjaringan known as Pluit, is among those most at risk of facing tidal floods. ‘Muara Angke’ in Indonesian means the mouth of the River Angke. It is widely known for its port and the fishery sector (i.e. fishing, processing, trading) is the main livelihood for community living there.
Semarang deals with various physical challenges due to its geography as a coastal city; it is known specifically for its frequent floods. There are 21 rivers located in Semarang, creating a high risk of flooding. In response to that, Semarang City Government has carried out several actions to reduce flood risk through the construction of Jatibarang reservoir, normalization of Semarang Flood Canal, and also improvement of the drainage system.
Pressure on water bodies in India is known to everyone, but this pressure is at its height in urban areas of India. Demand for land is rising due to high density and ever-growing population, which leads to encroachment of land surrounding a wetland/pond/lake. There are endless examples of apathy towards urban water bodies, since these natural resources are not notified and are not protected.
Fathimath Afiya is chairperson of the Maldivian Network for Empowering Women (MNEW), which was established as an informal network during the Action Aid International (AAI) work in the aftermath of the tsunami in 2005, thereafter registered officially in 2012. She was involved in the Tsunami Management Team of AAI’s Rehabilitation in 2014 that was focusing on providing assistance to women.