Hue City is the economic, cultural and political center of Thua Thien Hue province, and is also one of the areas most sensitive to climate change in the central region of Vietnam. The city often suffers from the severe impacts of floods, droughts and storms. In recent years, the intensity and frequency of these extreme events has increased and become more unpredictable. An extreme one-day rain event in 1999, when nearly 1,000mm of precipitation fell (2 November 1999), equal to almost 30 percent of the average annual precipitation, led to a historic flood that claimed 352 lives, injured 305 people and caused approximately VND 1,700 billion (> USD 950,000)1 in damage. Current climate change projections suggest natural disasters will increase in complexity and severity in the future. At the local level, according to the 2011 Vietnam Climate Change Scenarios, sea level in Thua Thien Hue could rise by up to 94cm by 2100. All of these factors will continue to seriously affect the lives, income and health of local people, as well as the ecosystems and infrastructure systems of Hue City as they have done in the past.
The Mekong-Building Climate Resilient Asian Cities (M-BRACE) project officially started in Hue City in March 2012 to build climate change resilience. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funds this project, with technical support from the Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-International (ISET-International), under the direction of Thua Thien Hue province and the leadership of Hue City. One of the most significant products of this project is the Action Plan to Respond to Climate Change in Hue City (Action Plan).
This Action Plan was developed in accordance with the goals of the Vietnam National Target Program to Respond to Climate Change (NTP-RCC) and the Action Plan to Respond to Climate Change of Thua Thien Hue province. M-BRACE’s core technical group developed the Action Plan with technical support from ISET-International.
Hue City core working group of M-BRACE project, Phong T. (2014). Climate Action Plan for Hue City Responding to Climate Change From 2014–2020. Hue, Vietnam: Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-International