Between 2005 and 2015, disasters have continued to exact a heavy toll and, as a result, the well-being and safety of individuals, communities and countries as a whole have been affected. Over 700,000 people have lost their lives, over 1.4 million have been injured and approximately 23 million have been made homeless as a result of disasters. Overall, more than 1.5 billion people have been affected by disasters in various ways, with women, children and people in vulnerable situations disproportionately affected (Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 - 2030).
Evidence indicates that, for people and assets in all countries exposure has increased faster than vulnerability has decreased, thus generating new risks and a steady rise in disaster-related losses, with significant economic, social, health, cultural and - environmental impacts in the short, medium and long term, especially at the local and community levels.
In Bangladesh, climate change has been linked to an increase in the number of girls forced into child marriage or prostitution in cities, often by desperate parents that have no other means to provide for their families. Bangladesh already has one of highest rates of child marriage in the world at 52% (UNICEF, 2015).
The poorest adolescent girls living in the poorest communities, numbering more than 200 million in households in the bottom two-wealth quintiles, are at special risk of being deleteriously affected by climate change. Girls and women frequently have to walk for up to two hours, twice a day, to find safe water, consuming huge amounts of energy and time, and exposing them to the threat of sexual violence and abuse.
Given these facts, it is undeniable that children, youth and woman should not only be key beneficiaries of every climate-resilience project, but also be key implementers of the project itself. ACCCRN will use the opportunity that this webinar presents to facilitate an online knowledge sharing platform by creating a means for people to share their experiences or concerns from their perspective.
- Hoang Trang, Regional Climate Change and Resilience Specialist - PLAN International
- Julisa Tambunan, Director of GirlSPARKS - Mercy Corps
Thursday, February 1st 2018 04.00 PM JKT/BKK time
Content of Discussion
The scope of discussion will be about, but not limited to, the talking points below:
- What is the specific vulnerability attribution (including maybe socio-economic situations, imbalance in power dynamics, cultural contexts, physical attributions) that youths and women possess which leads them to be particularly at risk?
- How does climate change affect youths and women in the city in terms of agriculture, and their social, health, and economic situations? How have climate change impacts been unfairly distributed with undue costs being placed on those with low socio-economic status or any other social disaggregation?
- Despite those adverse situations, we believe that women and youths are the key actors in addressing climate change impacts. What is their potential to be part of the solution, what is the best approach to ensure the inclusive and meaningful participation of those groups? What will be the role of other groups in the community?
- What actions should be taken by cities to overcome this problem, and how should they develop the interventions to ensure that they will be accessible, effectively reach out to the most vulnerable, and understand the root causes of inequalities, so they can enable adaptation and the building of resilience to climate hazards in an intelligent and just way?
- Innovations originating from the affected communities to address the challenges they are facing.